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  • 介绍

    之前使用的全是基于内存的认证,这里使用基于数据库的认证。

    设计数据表

    这里设计数据表

    Spring Security 基于数据库的认证

    创建项目

    这里使用Mybatis作为项目。

    添加如下依赖

    Spring Security 基于数据库的认证

    Spring Security 基于数据库的认证

    Spring Security 基于数据库的认证

    添加driud连接池依赖

            <dependency>
                <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
                <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
                <version>1.1.9</version>
            </dependency>

    完整的pom如下

    <?xml version=\\\"1.0\\\" encoding=\\\"UTF-8\\\"?>
    <project xmlns=\\\"http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0\\\" xmlns:xsi=\\\"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance\\\"
             xsi:schemaLocation=\\\"http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd\\\">
        <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
        <parent>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
            <version>2.3.1.RELEASE</version>
            <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
        </parent>
        <groupId>com.example</groupId>
        <artifactId>demo</artifactId>
        <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
        <name>demo</name>
        <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>
    
        <properties>
            <java.version>1.8</java.version>
        </properties>
    
        <dependencies>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
                <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
                <version>1.1.9</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
                <version>2.1.3</version>
            </dependency>
    
            <dependency>
                <groupId>mysql</groupId>
                <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
                <scope>runtime</scope>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
                <scope>test</scope>
                <exclusions>
                    <exclusion>
                        <groupId>org.junit.vintage</groupId>
                        <artifactId>junit-vintage-engine</artifactId>
                    </exclusion>
                </exclusions>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-security-test</artifactId>
                <scope>test</scope>
            </dependency>
        </dependencies>
    
        <build>
            <plugins>
                <plugin>
                    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                    <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                </plugin>
            </plugins>
        </build>
    
    </project>
    

    配置数据库

    spring:
      datasource:
        type: com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource
        username: root
        password: ABCcba20170607
        url: jdbc:mysql://cdb-1yfd1mlm.cd.tencentcdb.com:10056/test

    创建对应的实体类

    package com.example.demo.domain;
    
    import org.springframework.security.core.GrantedAuthority;
    import org.springframework.security.core.authority.SimpleGrantedAuthority;
    import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetails;
    
    import java.util.ArrayList;
    import java.util.Collection;
    import java.util.List;
    
    public class User implements UserDetails {
        private Integer id;
        private String username;
        private String password;
        private Boolean enabled;
        private Boolean locked;
        private List<Role> roles;
    
    
        @Override
        // 实体类和SpringSecurity转换
        public Collection<? extends GrantedAuthority> getAuthorities() {
            List<SimpleGrantedAuthority> authorities = new ArrayList<>();
            for (Role role : roles) {
                authorities.add(new SimpleGrantedAuthority(role.getName()));
            }
            return authorities;
        }
    
        @Override
        public String getPassword() {
            return null;
        }
    
        @Override
        public String getUsername() {
            return null;
        }
    
        @Override
        public boolean isAccountNonExpired() {
            return false;
        }
    
        @Override
        public boolean isAccountNonLocked() {
            return false;
        }
    
        @Override
        public boolean isCredentialsNonExpired() {
            return false;
        }
    
        @Override
        public boolean isEnabled() {
            return false;
        }
    
        public Integer getId() {
            return id;
        }
    
        public void setId(Integer id) {
            this.id = id;
        }
    
        public void setUsername(String username) {
            this.username = username;
        }
    
        public void setPassword(String password) {
            this.password = password;
        }
    
        public Boolean getEnabled() {
            return enabled;
        }
    
        public void setEnabled(Boolean enabled) {
            this.enabled = enabled;
        }
    
        public Boolean getLocked() {
            return locked;
        }
    
        public void setLocked(Boolean locked) {
            this.locked = locked;
        }
    
        public List<Role> getRoles() {
            return roles;
        }
    
        public void setRoles(List<Role> roles) {
            this.roles = roles;
        }
    }
    
    package com.example.demo.domain;
    
    public class Role {
        private Integer id;
        private String name;
        private String nameZh;
    
        public Integer getId() {
            return id;
        }
    
        public void setId(Integer id) {
            this.id = id;
        }
    
        public String getName() {
            return name;
        }
    
        public void setName(String name) {
            this.name = name;
        }
    
        public String getNameZh() {
            return nameZh;
        }
    
        public void setNameZh(String nameZh) {
            this.nameZh = nameZh;
        }
    }
    

    创建UserService

    package com.example.demo.mapper;
    
    import com.example.demo.domain.Role;
    import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Mapper;
    import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Select;
    import org.graalvm.compiler.nodeinfo.StructuralInput;
    import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.User;
    
    import java.util.List;
    
    @Mapper
    public interface UserMapper {
        @Select(\\\"select * from user where username=#{username}\\\")
        public User loadUserByUsername(String username);
    
        @Select(\\\"select * from role r, user_role ur where r.id = ur.rid and ur.uid = #{id}\\\")
        public List<Role> getUserRoleByUid(Integer id);
    }
    

    配置Spring Security

    package com.example.demo.config;
    
    import com.example.demo.service.UserService;
    import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
    import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Configurable;
    import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
    import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.authentication.builders.AuthenticationManagerBuilder;
    import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.builders.HttpSecurity;
    import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter;
    import org.springframework.security.crypto.bcrypt.BCryptPasswordEncoder;
    import org.springframework.security.crypto.password.PasswordEncoder;
    
    
    @Configurable
    public class WebSecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {
        @Autowired
        private UserService userService;
    
        @Bean
        PasswordEncoder passwordEncoder(){
            return new BCryptPasswordEncoder();
        }
    
        @Override
        protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
            auth.userDetailsService(userService);
        }
    
        @Override
        protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
            http.authorizeRequests()
                    .antMatchers(\\\"/admin/**\\\").hasRole(\\\"admin\\\")
                    .anyRequest().authenticated()
                    .and()
                    .formLogin()
                    .loginProcessingUrl(\\\"/login\\\").permitAll()
                    .and()
                    .csrf().disable();
        }
    }
    

    至此完成。

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    浪杉博客 » Spring Security 基于数据库的认证